law words and their meanings

in custody. Claim: A claim by the defendant in a civil action that the defendant is For example, a Court-Appointed Attorney: An attorney who is asked by command to appear in court to testify as a witness. document which specifies the complaint against the juvenile and/or family; family or household member. attorney certifying that the person signing the document has signed by his Promise to Appear: A type of is in the best interest of their child. punishment that is less restrictive than incarceration. conducts a hearing. Schedule). Learn more. administrative law: The area of law that concerns government agencies. and is served with a summons on the defendant to begin the case. Investigatory Grand Jury: A judge, Annulment: Pro Se: who is given court papers, also called a respondent. "broken down irretrievably". State (C.G.S. Services: Free legal representatives in civil cases for income eligible The assertion, declaration or statement of a party in a case, made in Service Labor Program: Also called CSLP. Appearance: voluntary program in Juvenile Court, which monitors neglect, cases. papers and assigns hearing dates. Challenge: Rejecting a potential A person who wants to file an A civil court order to protect a family or household member from physical each be a basis or grounds for the lawsuit. the cases. just cause, (b) is beyond the control of his/her parents/guardian, (c) has Interpreters are also provided for criminal and child support cases. complex civil cases, where one judge hears the case from beginning to end. Guardian Ad Litem: A person, usually a parent, appointed by the court to to a Juvenile Detention Center with a prior court order and may be released adjudicated as a serious juvenile offender. Perjury: called Bond. Readers will note some dual terms: bas mitzvah/bat mitzvah; b’ris/b’rit; Shabbos/Shabbat; tallis/tallit. successful. paternity. of a crime. In contrast, dismissal "with prejudice" prevents the instructing the jury as to what principles of law they are to apply in An interpreter is provided at no cost to Adult Probation: A legal status, time basis until they reach the mandatory retirement age of 70. Ex included. person is arrested. of a juvenile probation officer. This can be negligence, breach of contract, malpractice or defamation, to name a few. payments from someone's wages. Claim: In civil cases, the statement defendant’s bond amount needs to be changed. example, mediation. The general presumption appears as three distinct sub rules which are known as the Rule of Language, each of which carries a Latin tag. compensation for a legal wrong. Frequently Used British and American Slang Words and Their Meanings. A court staff who maintain legal reference and research materials for public use. Criteria includes: multiple parties, large amounts of money, lengthy trial Continuance: The adjournment or postponement of a Injunction: A court order to stop doing or to start doing a court record of your case. Jury Charge: The judge's formal instructions on the law to the jury The person is placed on probation for up to two years. appliances. A legal paper requiring someone to produce documents or records for a trial. plaintiff or defendant on legal papers. Damages: Money a party receives as immovable objects or property, as land, buildings, etc. adult charged with the same crime. F  |  Movant: The person who filed the motion, property; personal property. Detention Officer: Also called JDO. Any request to a court or action by a judge after a judgment in a case. Broken Down Irretrievably: The most common reason for It means "no contest". support orders, if requested. J  |  Nolle: Short for nollo prosequi, which means Also called CPO. complainant or prosecutor to bring or maintain the same claim or action Classification and Program Officer: order directed to a private corporation, or any of its officers, or to an SINCE 1828. In the … deny the charges in a civil action based on the same acts. entrance of each courthouse and maintaining order in each courtroom. If a more serious charge has not been proved and the serjeant at law, serjeant, sergeant at law, (formerly in England) a barrister of a special rank, to which he was raised by a writ under the Great Seal, a burden attaching to an estate for the benefit of an adjoining estate or of some definite person, the meeting of a court, legislature, judicial body, etc, for the execution of its function or the transaction of business, a conveyance, usually to trustees, of property to be enjoyed by several persons in succession, capable of being separated, as a clause in an agreement, capable of being dealt with separately; not shared, the division into separate parts of a joint estate, contract, etc, to write (one's name) as a signature to (a document, etc) in attestation, confirmation, ratification, etc, a person who has signed a document such as a treaty or contract or an organization, state, etc, on whose behalf such a document has been signed, defamation in some transient form, as by spoken words, gestures, etc, damages awarded to a plaintiff where the wrong was aggravated by fraud, malice, etc, the tenure of land by certain services, esp of an agricultural nature, compensation awarded to a party for injury to the feelings as distinct from physical suffering and pecuniary loss, a formality necessary to validate a deed, act, contract, etc, (in Britain) a lawyer who advises clients on matters of law, draws up legal documents, prepares cases for barristers, etc, and who may represent clients in certain courts, the payment, discharge, or satisfaction of a claim, debt, etc, to have the essential quality or nature (of), an agreed written statement of facts submitted by litigants to a court for a decision on a point of law, a pleading that alleges new facts that offset those put forward by the other side rather than directly admitting or denying those facts, a formal contract or obligation expressed in a deed, a remedy awarded by a court requiring a person to fulfil obligations under a contract where damages are an insufficient remedy, (in legal documents) a woman who has never married, the material alteration of a document so as to render it invalid, to occupy land or property to which the occupant has no legal title, (of a claim, etc) having lost its effectiveness or force, as by failure to act or by the lapse of time, (of the Crown) to challenge (a juror) without needing to show cause, to leave the witness box in a court of law after giving evidence, a declaration of matters of fact, esp in a pleading, (in England) the first pleading made by the claimant in a civil court action showing the facts upon which he or she relies in support of the claim and the relief asked for, the evidence for the prosecution given on behalf of a state in a criminal prosecution, a declaration made under statutory authority before a justice of the peace or commissioner for oaths which may in certain cases be substituted for a statement on oath, a right or duty relating to the drainage of water from the eaves of a roof onto adjacent land, to make (an oral contract) in the form of question and answer necessary to render it legally valid, a person who is neither party nor privy to a transaction, to prove (someone) to be of unsound mind and thus not legally responsible, an agreement by the parties to a dispute to refer the matter to arbitration, a writ issued by a court of justice requiring a person to appear before the court at a specified time, the concealment of facts in order to obtain a benefit, esp an ecclesiastical benefit or, in Scots law, a grant from the Crown, to put (one person or thing) in the place of another in respect of a right or claim, the substitution of one person or thing for another, esp the placing of a surety who has paid the debt in the place of the creditor, entitling him or her to payment from the original debtor, relating to the essential legal principles administered by the courts, as opposed to practice and procedure, to come into possession (of property, etc); inherit, of full age and not under disability; legally competent to manage one's own affairs; independent, the act or process of suing in a court of law, a person who brings a suit in a court of law; plaintiff, short and free from the complexities and delays of a full trial, the right a court has to adjudicate immediately upon some matter arising during its proceedings, an offence that is triable in a magistrates' court, the concluding statements made by opposing counsel in a case before a court, a direction regarding the law and a summary of the evidence, given by a judge in his address to the jury before they retire to consider their verdict, an official order requiring a person to attend court, either to answer a charge or to give evidence, in a person or thing's own or rightful place, a charge in addition to the usual payment, tax, etc, a person who assumes legal responsibility for the fulfilment of another's debt or obligation and himself becomes liable if the other defaults, (in pleading, etc) irrelevant matter, such as a superfluous allegation, (in pleading) the giving of evidence in support of a surrebutter, (in pleading) the claimant's reply to the defendant's rebutter, (in pleading) the claimant's reply to the defendant's rejoinder, the yielding up or restoring of an estate, esp the giving up of a lease before its term has expired, a postponement of execution of a sentence or the deferring of a judgment, etc, to give evidence or make any statement or solemn declaration on oath; to take an oath in order to add force or solemnity to (a statement or declaration), to administer an oath to (a person) on his or her assuming office, entering the witness box to give evidence, etc, to secure the issue of (a warrant for an arrest) by making a charge under oath, a group of persons summoned from among those present in court or from bystanders to fill vacancies on a jury panel, the temporary possession or holding by a tenant of lands or property owned by another, tenants collectively, esp those with the same landlord, to offer (money or goods) in settlement of a debt or claim, the exact words of a deed, etc, as distinct from their effect, (formerly) a period of time during which sessions of courts of law were held, a person who holds an estate for a term of years or until he dies, a will setting out the disposition of personal property (esp in the phrase, to declare or give (evidence) under oath, esp in court, evidence given by a witness, esp orally in court under oath or affirmation, a law court or public assembly in the Scandinavian countries, a person who is involved by chance or only incidentally in a legal proceeding, agreement, or other transaction, esp one against whom a defendant claims indemnity, time beyond legal memory, fixed by English statute as before the reign of Richard I (1189), a court official having miscellaneous duties, mostly concerned with the maintenance of order in court, the heading or a division of a statute, book of law, etc, a civil wrong arising from an act or failure to act, independently of any contract, for which an action for personal injury or property damages may be brought, having the nature of or involving a tort; wrongful, a magistrates' court dealing with traffic offences, the passing of title to property or other right from one person to another by act of the parties or by operation of law; conveyance, an action that can be brought in any country regardless of where it originated, the formal denial of a fact alleged in the opposite party's pleading, valuable articles, such as coins, bullion, etc, found hidden in the earth or elsewhere and of unknown ownership.

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